Metaphysical, Realism, Romanticism, Symbolism)
Sidelight: Occasional poems are sometimes configured as pattern poetry.(See Poet Laureate)
Sidelight: Seldom used in English poetry, Poe's "The Raven" is written in trochaic octameter.(See Meter)
(See also Decasyllable, Dodecasyllable, Hendecasyllable, Heptasyllable)
Sidelight: Two other important forms of the ode arose from classical poetry; (1) the Dorian or choric ode designed for singing, after which Pindaric verse was patterned, and (2) the Aeolic or Horatian Ode, of which "Ode to a Nightingale," considered to be one of John Keats' finest works, is an example. More commonly used in English poetry, however, is the irregular form exemplified by Wordsworth's "Ode. Intimations of Immortality from Recollections of Early Childhood."
Sidelight: The irregular ode retains the lofty Pindaric style, but allows each stanza to establish its own pattern, rather than follow a regular strophic structure.(See also Anacreontic, Encomium, Epinicion, Sapphic Verse)
Sidelight: The name is now applied to a hall or chamber for musical and dramatic performances.
Sidelight: The use of onomatopoeia is common to all types of linguistic expression, but because sound plays such an important role in poetry, it provides another subtle weapon in the poetic arsenal for the transfer of sense impressions through imagery, such as Keats' "the murmurous haunt of flies on summer eves," in "Ode to a Nightingale."
Sidelight: Though impossible to prove, some philologists (linguistic scientists) believe that all language originated through the onomatopoeic formation of words.(See also Mimesis, Phonetic Symbolism)
Sidelight: The open couplet originated in Chaucer's riding rhyme and later enjoyed much popularity in the romantic period.
(See also Distich, Heroic Couplet)
(Contrast End-Stopped, Closed Couplet)
Sidelight: The 8-line ottava rima permits more room for narrative elaboration than quatrains and the repeated rhymes in the first six lines can prepare the reader for an epigrammatic closure in the final couplet.(See also Octave, Spenserian Stanza)
Sidelight: An oxymoron is similar to a paradox, but more compact, usually consisting of just two successive words.(See also Catachresis, Enallage, Malapropism, Mixed Metaphor, Synesthesia)